Countries And Regions
Also, the principle transit route between Russia and Russia’s Kaliningrad Region passes through Lithuania. Lithuanian Railways AB transports about 44% of the freight carried via Lithuania. This is a very excessive indicator compared to other EU international locations, the place freight transportation by rail amounts to solely 10% of the total. Lithuanian retail web sector is competitive, with greater than 100 service suppliers.
From the early thirteenth century, frequent overseas army excursions grew to become potential because of the elevated cooperation and coordination among the Baltic tribes. Forty such expeditions took place between 1201 and 1236 against Ruthenia, Poland, and Latvia, which was then being conquered by the Livonian Order. In 1219, twenty-one Lithuanian chiefs signed a peace treaty with the state of Galicia–Volhynia.
Kęstutis felt he might not support his nephew and in 1381, when Jogaila’s forces were preoccupied with quenching a revolt in Polotsk, he entered Vilnius to be able to remove Jogaila from the throne. Kęstutis’ two raids against Teutonic possessions in 1382 brought again the custom of his previous exploits, but Jogaila retook Vilnius during his uncle’s absence.
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Railways carry approximately 50 million tons of cargo and seven million passengers a 12 months. Direct rail routes link Lithuania with Russia, Belarus, Latvia, Poland, and Germany.
In response, a variety of small Baltic tribal groups united under the rule of Mindaugas. Mindaugas, initially a kunigas or main chief, one of many 5 senior dukes listed in the treaty of 1219, is known as the ruler of all Lithuania as of 1236 in the Livonian Rhymed Chronicle.
Lithuania’s scenario improved from 1350, when Algirdas fashioned an alliance with the Principality of Tver. Halych was ceded by Lithuania, which introduced peace with Poland in 1352. Secured by those alliances, Algirdas and Kęstutis embarked on the implementation of insurance policies to expand Lithuania’s territories additional. From the early thirteenth century, two German crusading navy orders, the Livonian Brothers of the Sword and the Teutonic Knights, grew to become established at the mouth of the Daugava River and in Chełmno Land respectively. Under the pretense of converting the inhabitants to Christianity, they proceeded to overcome a lot of the realm that is now Latvia and Estonia, along with components of Lithuania.
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The warfare with the Teutonic Order continued from 1345, and in 1348, the Knights defeated the Lithuanians at the Battle of Strėva. Kęstutis requested King Casimir of Poland to mediate with the pope in hopes of converting Lithuania to Christianity, but the end result was negative, and Poland took from Lithuania in 1349 the Halych space and a few Ruthenian lands additional north.
This event is broadly accepted as the primary proof that the Baltic tribes have been uniting and consolidating. From the ninth to the 11th centuries, coastal Balts had been subjected to raids by the Vikings, and the kings of Denmark collected tribute at occasions. During the 10–11th centuries, Lithuanian territories were among the many lands paying tribute to Kievan Rus’, and Yaroslav the Wise was among the Ruthenian rulers who invaded Lithuania (from 1040). From the mid-twelfth century, it was the Lithuanians who had been invading Ruthenian territories.
The Commonwealth of Independent States is the second financial union that Lithuania trades probably the most with, with a share of imports of 25% and a share of exports of 23.9% throughout the same period. The overwhelming majority of commodities, together with oil, gas, and metals need to be imported, mainly from Russia, nonetheless in the current years Lithuania’s vitality dependence has shifted in direction of other countries corresponding hot lithuanian girl to Norway and the US. Mineral products represent 25% of imports and 18% of exports, mainly pushed by the presence of ORLEN Lietuva oil refinery with a refining capability of 9 million tons a yr, owned by Polish concern PKN Orlen. Orlen Lietuva sold over €3.5 billion value of products outdoors Lithuania, compared to the whole Lithuanian exports of €24 billion in 2014. Railway transport in Lithuania offers long-distance passenger and cargo providers.
In 1183, Polotsk and Pskov were ravaged, and even the distant and highly effective Novgorod Republic was repeatedly threatened by the excursions from the rising Lithuanian war machine toward the tip of the twelfth century. However, you can see majority of the people talking Russian and English additionally. Lithuania is situated in Eastern Europe, between Latvia and Russia, and stands bordered by the Baltic Sea, Belarus and Poland. eighty three.6% of the Lithuanian population is ethnic Lithuanians who communicate the Lithuanian language. The EU is the biggest commerce associate of Lithuania with a 67% of complete imports and 61.three% of total exports during 2015.